Red fescue (Festuca rubra) is a species of grass native to North America. It grows in all 43 American states and Canadian provinces. Gardeners, landscapers and scientists use red fescue, also known as creeping red fescue, and its many varieties in a range of applications. Knowing when and how to seed fescue is important in maintaining plant health and optimum growth. Proper culture or growing environment and maintenance are also important in maintaining healthy samples.
If the plants
According to the University of Tennessee professors Tom Samples and John Sorochan, there are two ideal fescue planting periods in a year. Plant late summer or early fall is more strongly recommended, although plants may also in late winter or early spring sown. The ideal growing temperature plants and red fescue, a cool season grass, is 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. In Tennessee, the end of August to mid-October is the ideal planting – planting time for the species should be adapted to the climate, planted the seed of justice.
Red fescue is usually planted in a seed mix with other similar types of grasses. In humid coastal regions bentgrass (Agrostis spp) and red fescue seed mixtures are common. In dry indoor areas bluegrass (Poa pratensis) or one of the many varieties is often mixed with red fescue.
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, red fescue seed mixture distribution is ideal for 2 lbs. per 1000 square feet. Gardeners and landscapers should support farming methods in this formula. Ideally, fescue is planted in a prepared seedbed. Tossing seeds on freshly disturbed earth is an alternative if seedbed establishment proves impossible.
Culture and maintenance
Red fescue grows in soils with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5, if it tolerates acidic or chalky soil, if necessary. Copies thrive in sun or shade and require moist, well-drained soils. In regions that are less than 18 inches average annual rainfall is necessary irrigation.
Fertilization promotes red fescue growth, although the excessive use of nitrogen is best avoided. According to University of Missouri horticulturist Brad S. Fresenburg should not get as red fescue grass species more than 2 lbs. Nitrogen per 1,000 square feet annually.
Red fescue has numerous uses. In landscape design to red fescue varieties and its excellent ground cover for ornamental, turf and golf courses, especially in shady or sandy regions. In gardening, samples are ideal for ground cover or ornamental species in areas with heavy shade, or sandy or gravelly soil. Scientists use red fescue in the stabilization and erosion control projects. The combination of red fescue with larger species creates ideal bird nesting environments habitats.