Mint or Mentha is a genus of plants that includes about 25 species native to Europe, Africa, North America and Asia. They grow about 2 to 3 feet tall and produce four-sided branched stems, opposite leaves and small flowers. These herbs have a tendency to be aggressive and can quickly outgrow their garden boundaries. Mint plants have a variety of culinary and medicinal applications.
Peppermint (Mentha piperita), also known as brandy mint, mint, lamb mint America is a hybrid cross between mint (Mentha spicata) and water mint (Mentha aquatica). Peppermint plants reach a height of 3 feet tall and have purple stems, violet leaves and small pink-purple flowers. These plants that propagate by cuttings and root divisions are naturalized in the eastern part of North America. They are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 6 to 10; Apart from their use in herbal tea, peppermint leaves have antiseptic properties. Herbalists recommend peppermint oil in the treatment of sore throat pain, stomach upset, and toothache.
Water mint (Mentha aquatica) is a perennial plant that grows about 3 feet tall. It is hardy in USDA Zones 6 to 10; Water Mint is native to Europe, but it passes through much of the United States. This water-loving herb grows best in moist conditions and requires a generous water supply. It grows in full sun or part shade. It has hairy leaves, rounded or oval bodies and yields tiny pink or purple flowers from August to October. It spreads by root division or cuttings.
Spearmint (Mentha spicata) grows in size to 18 inches with an equal distribution. It grows in disturbed areas in the United States. This herb has stemless lanceolate leaves, pink or purple flowers, and has a strong fragrance. It also has a tendency to spread rapidly and aggressively, so it's a good idea to plant mint in outdoor containers, to prevent them from taking over the garden. Spearmint, which is hardy to USDA zone 6, preferably moist rich soil in full sun or partial shade.
Other types of Mint
European pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium), which is native to Europe and Asia, was widely regarded as medicinal and culinary uses in ancient times, but rarely used in 2011. Herbalists prescribed it to ward off fleas, to relieve symptoms of the common cold and calm upset stomachs. Pineapple mint (Mentha suaveolens) has an apple-mint flavor while corn mint (Mentha arvensis) is used as a culinary spice. Other species include mint Mentha verticillata, and Mentha Mentha gentilis dalmatica.