Growing strawberries in the garden behind the house – or even in a patio container – can seem like a daunting task, but with a few simple rules, even the smallest space can be turned into a source of fresh, juicy strawberries. With the correct type, the proper care and some maintenance, the garden can bloom with enough strawberries for jams, jellies and ice.
As the soil should be prepared?
Growing healthy strawberries requires some preparation to begin. For maximum growth rate and yield, should be the soil pH from 5.8 to 6.2, a figure that indicates the acidity of the soil can be tested at a college extension office by submitting a soil sample.
The soil should also be tested for nutrient content strawberries require an even amount of the three major macronutrients – to thrive – nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Depending on the results of the test should be a organic fertilizer such as liquid manure or a mineral fertilizer to be applied prior to planting, the nutrient content is available, while other materials, such as lime can be used to adjust the soil pH.
How to plant the strawberries in the garden?
There are various methods of properly planting strawberry plants, but in each the right depth is important. Young plants should be placed in the ground, so that the bottoms of the scarcely roots. This allows runners to develop and distribute the plants. Depending on the space available can strawberries are grown in rows or isolated hills. For species covered in the everbearing category – that is, plants, where runners are not welcome – Plants should be arranged in small hill with several meters between. For larger spaces, such as backyard gardens, the source plant planted in rows 3 to 4 feet apart, with 18 to 30 inches between plants. This is suitable to June bearing varieties, which carry a number of runners.
Fertilizer or mulch should be applied?
Fertilizer should be applied to the soil before strawberries are planted, and during the growing season. Before the flowers start turning fruit, can a fertilizer with a high nitrogen only be applied to the roots of the plant. Another application can be applied after harvest to prepare for the next season, but fertilizers are applied when there are berries on the plants can result in soggy fruit.
Mulch is also an important component in growing healthy strawberry plants that remain fertile through more than one season. Die Apply mulch after the season is over and the leaves of the plants have begun, can help protect the plants during the winter months, with grains such as wheat, hay, or rye can also help condition the soil decays as a mulch in the spring.
What potential problems are to be respected?
Strawberries can be prone to insect infestation, and an application of a commercial insecticide is usually sufficient to control these pests. Similarly, a commercial brand fungicide may help to control mildew and leaf spot, but early detection of these infections is critical. Bacterial disease is not so much a problem with strawberries, as it can be with other fruits, but not strawberries should be planted in the same soil where eggplant, tomatoes and potatoes planted recently because of the possibility of cross-contamination with verticillim want.
Ripe berries can also be a temptation for birds and other wildlife. Cover the berries with gauze when the flowers develop into the fruit can prevent them from birds and other animals, to prevent the berries before they can begin to be harvested.