Gray dogwood, Cornus racemosa, or is a multi-branched perennial medium to large shrub with upright growth and spreading of clumping habit. This member of the Cornaceae family has several varieties. Geazam or Cornus racemosa “Geauga”, is a variety of gray dogwood, the new leaf growth develops in the spring with a red tone and is hanging white berries. This fast-growing native of North America has many uses as well as commercial and residential landscaping plant.
Leaves and bark
Geazam gray dogwood has showy foliage leaves, the first as a deep red color. At maturity, the leaves become a shining greenish-black color for the summer. In autumn, the foliage changes to a dark burgundy. The thin, elliptical leaves developed stems in an opposite arrangement. Basal shoots or suckers growing from the base of the shrub. The bark of the Geazam gray dogwood has an orange-brown color when young, aging to the bark fades into gray.
Flowers and Fruits
Dull cluster of flowers adorn the Geazam gray dogwood in the mid to late spring. The small four-petaled flowers are 2 inches in diameter and grow in large groups, always noticeable when the plant may develop fruit. In August and September, bright, showy, creamy white fruit form on pink-red stems and fruiting stalks that remain on the plant well into winter, long after the berries are out of season. The fruits are hanging with a 1/4-inch wide growth and are a valuable food source for many species of birds.
Health and Habitat
Geazam gray dogwood is a disease-resistant plant native to eastern North America along lakes, rivers and forests. This adaptable plant has a hardness of U.S. Department of Agriculture zone 5 – average minimum temperature -20 to -10 degrees Celsius – in zone 8 – average minimum temperature 10 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit – and thrives in the harsh conditions near roads, abandoned pastures and fields. A shade tolerant plant likes full sun to dry Geazam shadow with a wide range of alkaline soils of wet.
Cornus racemosa “Geazam” is a medium shrub that reaches up to a height of 8 to 10 meters. This compact plant densely spread formation reaches widths of up to 4 meters in diameter. Landscapers use Geauga gray dogwood as an ornamental plant for its colorful foliage, this shrub also has significance as informal and formal hedge plant. Geazam is an ideal shrub for mass planting, as the shrub develops vacuum at a rapid rate, the suction cups give a natural look to the plantations.