Plants play an important role for our planet, food and accommodation for living things, the addition of oxygen in the atmosphere and the removal of carbon dioxide. Plant structure is a complicated architecture circulation, respiration and support similar to the human body. A close look at the parts of the plants and their structure shows how to get best to maintain optimum health and productivity.
How to grow plants
The plants are designed to convert the elements around them into usable energy for growth and reproduction. Sunlight, water, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the materials needed to do this work. Plants include roots, stems, leaves and flowers, parts to absorb the nutrients from the soil, convert it to carbohydrates to pump efficiently to make it its entirety and seeds to propagate in new equipment. Old plants die and decompose, and the material is to use nutrition for new plants.
Roots make up 1/4 to 1/3 of the total dry weight of the plant to Colorado State University Extension. Roots, serve to anchor the system is securely provided, to absorb water and to carry and store carbohydrates, sugars and proteins. Roots contain an outer layer of cells, root hairs, which absorb water and minerals, and a vascular bundle, which contains conductive tissue.
Stems carry water and nutrients from the roots to other parts of the plant. Stalks of xylem structures, water and phloem structures to carry the nutrients gather. Stems support the plant, so that large parts of it are exposed to sunlight, so that photosynthesis takes place. Stalks have meristem, tissues capable of growth, as the outer layer of cells that one epidermis transporting a waxy coating for the protection of the vascular bundles of the xylem and phloem tissue Cambrium and nutrients to grow cells produced.
Leaves are the energy factories of the plant. They use light, carbon dioxide and chlorophyll, the green pigment in plants to produce glucose, a sugar that the plant used as food, according to the University of Illinois Extension. Leaves have called a protective layer of wax cuticle, as an outer layer of an epidermis, a palisade layer containing manufactured that can perform photosynthesis, a vascular bundle, which acts like veins and a spongy mesophyll, which helps to move to water vapor, oxygen and carbon dioxide. Small openings called stomata open and close to the blade surface in order to regulate moisture content of gas exchange and temperature.
The flower is the most important organ of reproduction in plants. Flowers are often carefully designed to attract pollinators to help fertilize and spread seeds. Structures, the stamp, the female structure in the center of the flower, the stigma receiving pollen transmitted by insects, and dust receptacles. Than the male organ of the flower Can plant flowers colorful and attractive and simple and functional, but all serve to grow and disperse seeds, so grow more plants.