The long, warm growing season for eggplant growth needed this vegetable makes a variety of pests. Resistance to increase plant availability to pests by growing eggplant in well-drained fertile soil where. Other members of the family Solanaceae, such as tomatoes and potatoes have not been grown for three years Reduce investment exposure to pests, by physical barriers, such as floating row covers. In times of heavy infestation, the use of organic pesticides the most effective means of control. Be wary of the use of pesticides because they kill kill beneficial insects, bugs, insect pests.
The broad mite and two-spotted spider mite pierce eggplants cells and suck the juice that leaks out of the wounds. Mites are small and difficult to detect with the human eye. Depending on the growth phase, may their colors red, green, brown or gold. Symptoms of mites are deformed buds, thickened and discolored flowers and rust-colored foliage and fruit. Most mites infest drought stressed plants. Consistent watering often prevents mites. Do not use Sevin or Malathion to treat mites, as these chemicals kill ladybugs, the natural enemies of spider mites. Organic treatments for severe infestation include horticultural oils such Sunspray.
Whiteflies appear as clouds of tiny white flying insects when you shake the plant, pierce plants with their mouth parts and poise as they suck plant juices. Sooty mold, black discoloration due to honeydew residue remains on the leaves, a sign of whitefly infested. Reflective silver or aluminum-colored mulch repel whiteflies. If you have had problems in previous years, whitefly, install this product before transplanting eggplant in the garden. Organic treatments of whitefly are insecticidal soaps, such as In-pede.
American Serpentine Leaf Miner
Leafminer, easily identified by the serpentine route leaves within eggplant leaves, is a tiny black and yellow fly, which lays its eggs in the leaf tissue. Interfere with photosynthesis and leaf miners have an input into the system for other organisms. Wasps usually control leafminer populations adequately. Organic treatments for severe infestation include azadirachtin-based products, such as Neemix.
Armyworms, usually detected when larvae appear are 2 weeks old and a 1-inch-long fat, green caterpillars defoliate leaves and consume the fruits of eggplant. Armyworm eggs are laid by small, dark-winged moths in clusters on leaves covered with scales. Handpicking provides effective control of armyworms. Monitor leaves and stems each day for armyworms and place it in a bucket of soapy water. Wasps limited control armyworms. Organic treatments for armyworm include Bacillus thuringiensis, or BT.