The word mosquito means "little fly" in Spanish. There are nearly 3,000 species of mosquitoes throughout the world. The insects are especially adapted for sucking blood from other animals. However, only the females because they need to reproduce the protein; males feed from plant nectars. Mosquitoes are notorious spreaders of diseases such as malaria, among others.
The yellow fever mosquito
The yellow fever mosquito is a small, dark insect with distinctive white markings. As the name suggests, it spreads yellow and dengue fever. They are mainly found in the tropics, since killing the sub-zero temperatures. Females can produce up to a month, but males live much shorter lives. However, the eggs can survive up to a year, when dry. Although abundant in areas of human settlement, they rarely fly more than 100 meters from a hatchery.
The Mosquito Hawk is very large for a mosquito, with a wingspan of 0.4 inches and a body length of 0.2 inches. The larvae of this species will eat the larvae of other mosquitoes. For this reason, people have been trying to use it to control other insect populations. Adults do not feed on blood, and do not carry disease. They eat instead of sugary substances like nectar.
Alaskan Snow Mosquito
Alaskan snow mosquitoes usually live in subarctic forested areas, though some ventured into mountain regions. Despite the wide range that extends into Siberia and the Caucasus, they are not common insects. Adults hibernate in winter under snow. Once awakening in the spring, the females who live up to 12 months, gorge on blood before breeding and eggs in shallow pools.
Polynesian Tiger Mosquito
The Polynesian tiger mosquito lives on the islands of the South Pacific. Primarily one day feeder, it consumes blood of pigs, dogs, horses and birds as well as humans. This species does not transmit disease to their offspring and mating males do not give to women. These mosquitoes acquire diseases like lymphatic filariasis caused by animals and people who are already infected.