Lupine (Lupinus spp.) Provide color and vertical interest to a garden. This high plant that reaches 3 to 5 feet high, forms distinctive living tips of pea-like flowers. Found in shades of purple, violet, red, pink, yellow or white, lupine thrive in areas with cool, moist summers. The flowers in the spring and early summer bloom. Lupines are members of the pea family (Fabaceae).
Lupines are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 3 to 8 They are often grown as annuals south of Zone 6, as they fail to thrive in areas with hot, humid summers. Lupines are specifically on the cool climate of the Pacific Northwest and New England coasts.
Lupines prefer rich, moist, well-drained soil and full of half-sun. Plant the plants about 18 inches apart in the back garden because they grow so high. Mulch well to keep moisture in the soil and keep the roots cool. Water as needed during dry periods and apply fertilizer in the spring.
Lupines are particularly spectacular when planted in masses. These showy flowers have an old-fashioned, country-garden look. They pair well. With Shasta daisies, rudbeckia, echinacea or geraniums They are also attractive when planted in front of a white picket fence. Lupines are excellent cut flowers.
Hybrids are the most widely planted lupines, especially the Russell hybrids, which are a favorite for cool-climate gardens. The tall upright spikes that originally bred in Yorkshire, England, can in many different colors, including purple, are found blue, red, yellow and orange. Other hybrids include Manhattan Lights. With its eye-catching two-tone towers of yellow and purple, and Red Gallery, a staple of the traditional English cottage garden For a shorter lupine, dwarf hybrids, including Red Gallery and Gallery Pink, about 15 cm high grow. These are suitable for the front or the middle tier of a good garden.
A sister plant, also a member of the family is the Fabacaea Carolina lupine (Thermopsis villosa). Unlike real lupines, this plant tolerates heat and humidity. It grows wild in parts of the southeastern United States, particularly North Carolina. Carolina lupine can be spotted in mountainous areas and along highways and roads. Hardy in USDA zones 3 to 9, Carolina lupine typically bright yellow pea-like flowers. On high, erect ears The long tap roots can reach several meters into the earth.