Red clover is used as forage, soil improvement and crop cover. Red clover lives only two years is growing rapidly in the spring and decay in the winter. Fodder plants red clover is sown in the spring sometimes alone and sometimes with a companion crop such as oats. To use red clover as a cover crop, the plant is sown in late summer or early fall. Red clover is in late winter to early spring in most areas where soil improvement seeded required.
Red clover can grow prostrate or erect and grows 18 to 36 inches tall. The leaves are trifoliate, marked with a white V and supported by tribes that have small, fine hairs. The flowers are actually clusters of small individual flowers, the 75 to 125-number can. The color is actually more purple to pink than red. The plant has a long, deep taproot that helps anchor it in poor soils. There are two varieties: mammoth and medium. The medium red clover is often grown in the United States.
Red clover is often used as a nitrogen-fixing and improving on soils where excess of crop nutrient has expired. Red Clover has a taproot, which is up to 36 inches long. The root has peripheral roots, pink nodules that fix nitrogen to grow. If it is sown as a nitrogen fixer Red clover is often with Rhizobium trifolii, which helps the plant form of the vaccinated nitrogen nodules on their roots. Red clover is a legume, and gather all the members of this family can save and nitrogen. It is released when the clover built into the ground.
Red clover seed is shaped like a heart. The sowing depends what benefits the system will be provided. The type of soil is very important, but the clover pulls acidic media. The system works best in soils with a high content of phosphorus and potassium. Red clover can do a broadcast, band and fluid sowing seed to be sown. The home gardener can use a seed spreader and transfers the seed over a developed or undeveloped bed.
Timing for various applications
Red clover provides grazing material and harvested forage when planted in the spring. The plant is located at pre-bloom or when they harvested in full bloom. Most clover stands twice in summer and once harvested in autumn. If the crop is not harvested in the fall, it can be used as a nitrogen-fixing plants, and can be incorporated into the soil. Winter can remove ground cover protection of the soil from erosion and wind sweep important topsoils. In temperate regions red clover is sown in early fall to ensure protection. Late winter sowing is useful as tillage for some spring crops, even though the system may not have enough time to store nitrogen, it will increase the tilth of the soil with its long tap roots.