Pepper plants, also known as Capsicum annum are to grow a simple system for home gardeners. Unfortunately, they are prone to several fungal diseases, including anthracnose, powdery mildew and verticillium wilt. Prevention is key in the fight against fungal disease in pepper, how to control fungi difficult if they have infected plants and soils.
Anthracnose is a common fungal disease associated with paprika year. It thrives in warm, moist environments and in crowded beds with little air circulation. It can be small, pale yellow lesions identified appear on the leaves, eventually turns dark brown or black with irregular edges. This can kill large portions of leaves or whole leaves. They also appear sunken, ringed lesions on green pepper fruit. To manage this disease, plant resistant varieties of Capsicum annum, apply a fungicide to treat this disease and rotate crops to reduce the recurrence of anthracnose of year years.
Blight affects a variety of vegetables, including peppers, and is also supported by warm and rainy conditions. Blight appears as dark spots on the oldest leaves, which eventually grow to about ¼ ½ inches. Ring remains outside the center on site develop by target patterns. If the disease progresses, leaves turn yellow, wither and fall off. To prevent blight, pepper fertilize soil, water frequently and keep insects away from plants. Turn your pepper plants every year and apply fungicide as necessary.
Phytophthora blight is one of the worst fungal diseases to afflict pepper plants, destroys leaves and causing fruit rot. Leaf damage begins as a small filled green water spots on the lower leaves or on the tips and edges of younger leaves. During cool, rainy weather, the lesions grow and darken. This disease is advancing rapidly and can cause lots of leaves and stem collapse destroy in a few days. Once fruit is infected, it is a wet, brown or gray lesion, which may be smooth or irregular, and rough around the edges. This fungus can live for years in the ground, if your peppers are afflicted by it, not to plant in this area for three years. Protect your plants against Phytophthora blight by watering in the morning, plant resistant varieties pepper and fungicide application in cool and rainy weather is common.
Verticillium wilt can be identified by wilting of some or all of the pepper plant’s leaves. If the disease progresses, leaves turn yellow and then brown, before they die. Verticillium wilt is often mistaken for other types of want or even the effects of the drought, so take a sample of your local county extension office if you are unsure. It is important to remove them completely, the roots of infected pepper plants out of the ground and burn it so that Verticillium wilt not infected other plants. Because it is in the roots of the plant, the right irrigation and well-drained soil comes crucial to preventing this disease. Avoid with balanced fertilizer, herbicides, buying resistant plants and crop rotation each year may also help.