Ferns are a shade gardener’s best friend. They grow where the light is too weak for flowering plants, and they make good hanging baskets for shaded terraces and porches. Some species, like the ostrich fern are large, imposing plants that make a bold statement, but other, more subtle ferns add a quiet softness shaded gardens. Fine-leafed ferns also excellent companion plant for highlighting bold hosta leaves.
Hardy and adaptable, autumn fern (Dryopteris erythrosora), also known as the Japanese fern, is deceptively delicate-looking. The finely divided fronds are reddish when they emerge in the spring first, then dark green in summer and autumn. Autumn fern grows best in shady areas and makes a feathered mound 18 cm tall and 24 cm wide. It is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant climate zones 5 to 11 and is evergreen in the warmest parts of its range.
Maiden Hair Fern
A few ferns are so delicate in appearance and culture as maidenhair fern (Adiantum spp.). Native to Florida, they are only hardy in USDA climate zones 9 to 11 and must be grown as house plants in other parts of the country. When grown outside, they do massaged best in shady, moist areas. Inside, they grow best when placed in bright indirect light. You need moist, organic soils, and should be grown on gravel trays or misted frequently as they require high humidity. They are good plants for terrarium.
So much for his interesting furry roots grown as the delicate fronds, the rabbit’s foot fern (Davallia fejeensis) is an evergreen native to Fiji away. This epiphytic fern grows in the wild by attaching its roots to tree bark, so in cultivation, it must be grown in a very fast draining medium such as peat moss, bark or peat. The roots will creep into the sides of the pot. In addition to the types of garden centers carry the ripple Dwarf varieties that grow only 8 to 16 cm tall, and Plumosa, with slender, feathery fronds. All rabbit’s foot ferns need high humidity, so often crap.
Growing 2 to 3 feet tall and about half as wide, lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina), an area of forest is far hardy throughout USDA zones contain 2 to 9. It grows best in moist, fertile soil and is easily divided in spring. The more than 300 varieties available remotely lady popular with gardeners testify. The variety minutissimum is a 4 – to 12-inch has dwarf and Vernonia Cristata dark green, frilly fronds with reddish mahogany stems.
Japanese Painted Remote
You would not think a fern could bunt, but the Japanese painted fern (Athyrium niponicum pictum) is just that. The delicately dissected, red-stemmed fronds are bright green, red and silver. Reliable maintenance are Japanese painted ferns hardy as far north as USDA Zone 3 plant It grows 12 to 18 inches tall and wide, design best in full to partial shade and organic, well-drained soil.